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Pinolenic acid in Siberian pine nut oil: what do we know from scientific research?

Oil from pine (cedar) nuts growing in Siberia has been used for many centuries by locals (famous for their good health and longevity) for the treatment and prevention of many diseases. It is consumed in its pure form, mixed with Siberian herbs, pine resin, shilajit, etc.

The legendary properties of Siberian pine nut oil have been ignored by official medicine and pharmacy for many years, but in recent years scientific institutes around the world have shown interest in this unique natural remedy.

The main attention of the minds of scientists is occupied by the study of linolenic acid, which is unique in that it is contained only in the seeds of coniferous plants. Pine nut oil contains a significant amount of this acid (more than 18%). In addition to the well-known Oleic and Pinolenic acids, pine nut oil contains Skeadonic, Palmitic, Stearic, Gadoleic, Arachidonic, Eicosatetraenoic (ETA), Behenic, Palmitinoleic.

Thanks to its rich composition, Pine nut oil has amazing properties that can be justified and explained with the help of modern science. What do scientists say about the medicinal properties of cedar oil and Linolenic Acid included in its composition?

Currently, it is scientifically proven that products containing Pinolenic acid can be used to control weight, to control food intake, appetite, and /or weight loss.

The main mechanism of action of this acid is to stimulate the release of the hormones Cholecystokinin (CCK or CCK-PZ) and Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1).

We experience a feeling of satiety and satisfaction of hunger after eating. In the human body, there is feedback interacting with the brain, causing a feeling of hunger and satiety. The mechanism of occurrence of this connection depends on a lot of hormones and other substances secreted in the intestine. The intestine participates in the hunger-satiety chain by secreting two important hormones, cholecystokinin (CCK) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1).

Cholecystokinin suppresses appetite in humans. When partially digested food rich in fats and proteins leaves the stomach to enter the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine), the cells of the duodenal mucosa secrete CCK. In turn, CCK stimulates the pancreas to produce numerous enzymes to digest food.

CCK also acts on the gallbladder to stimulate the release of bile into the small intestine, resulting in emulsions and fats are broken down. The most important thing for appetite control is that CCK acts to slow down the emptying of the stomach and promotes a feeling of satiety, suppressing the desire for further food consumption.

Glucagon-like peptide-1 is another hormone that is part of pinolenic acid, which is closely related to fullness and satiety. Released in the small intestine in response to fats and carbohydrates, GLP-1 works in part by activating the "iliac brake" mechanism.

CCK and GLP-1 are key hormones for controlling appetite and satiety, and scientific studies show that these hormones have effects in combination that are more powerful than alone (synergistic effect). This is exactly the effect you can find in a unique natural remedy - pine nut oil.

Lowering cholesterol levels, normalization of blood lipid spectrum, and systolic pressure.

Studies by Japanese scientists have shown that Pinolenic acid in pine nut oil can lower cholesterol, normalize the lipid spectrum of the blood and positively affect systolic pressure.

Food products and products containing pinolenic acid are recommended for the complex treatment of cardiovascular diseases, diseases of the cerebral vessels, and obesity caused by hyperlipemia, as well as diabetes caused by hyperglycemia.

Regulation of insulin production in the body.

GLP-1 also helps control the health of pancreatic beta cells, which perform an important function of producing insulin in the body.

Abnormal beta-cell activity plays a key role in the development of insulin resistance, and scientists believe that treatments that increase GLP-1 levels can help favorably change the course of diabetic diseases.

Treatment of decreased mental activity.

Pinolenic acid does not convert to arachidonic acid metabolically and can reduce the level of arachidonic acid. Reducing the level of arachidonic acid, allows the neurons of the brain to function normally.

There is an assumption that arachidonic acid leaves the membrane structure with strong excitation, which as a result leads to damage to neurons, this causes a decrease in mental activity.

Scientists hope that these studies will help create a mechanism that in future may even help people suffering from Alzheimer's disease. We provided this information for education purposes and links to scientific research publicly available online. Quoted research articles are linked directly. 

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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